Periodontal disease is an infection of the gums and other structures around the teeth such as the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone. It could range from a simple gum in flammation to a more serious infection that can cause damage to the soft tissue and the bone that supports the teeth. Gum disease is caused by bacteria in our mouth. The bacteria, together with mucus or other particles, form plaque on the teeth. Brushing and flossing help remove plaque, but in the absence of a proper dental care, plaque harden sand forms tartar, which can cause tooth decay and gum problems.
The following are some of the indications of gum disease:
- Bad breath that won’t go away
- Red or swollen gums
- Tender or bleeding gums
- Painful chewing
- Loose teeth
- Sensitive teeth
- Receding gums or longer appearing teeth
We offer the following periodontal services at our practice:
- Gum Graft Surgery: This procedure reinforces the gums or fills in places where gum shave receded. Grafted tissue, most of then taken from the roof of the mouth, is stitched in place, adding tissue to the affected area.
- Dental Crown Lengthening: This procedure involves adjustment of the gum and bone to expose more of the tooth’s crown.
- Pocket Reduction Procedures: this procedure is used to reduce the depth of deep periodontal pockets. The treatment involves cleaning of the periodontal pockets and lifting them so that the gum can reattach itself to the teeth.
- Scaling and Root Planing: this is a non-surgical procedure that involves a deep cleaning to remove tartar from below the gum line and then smoothening the root surfaces to prevent reinfection.
- Root Surface Debridement: Debridement refers to the removal of excess calculus and plaque from the gum sand teeth to prevent the infestation of bacteria and control gum disease.
- Regenerative Procedures: these are used to restore bone and gum tissue lost because of severe periodontal disease.
- Gum Surgery: Gum surgeries could be performed for a variety of reasons. Some examples are gingivectomy and gingivoplasty.
For more information about periodontal procedures, please call our office at (954) 526-1927.